Prague Castle is a national cultural monument landmark of the Czech Republic number one. Required item for visits to any self-respecting tourist list. All these museums sex machines and other Apple are secondary and are only suitable for completion pictures of Prague.
Start acquaintance with the city should be here, for Prague The city is the oldest fortress in Prague. And the largest castle of the Czech Republic, former royal and current presidential residence. Centuries old beauty that is on the crest of a long hill towering above the city.
The content of the article
- 1 Prague Castle
- 1.1 New castle stairs
- 1.2 Gradchanskaya square
- 1.3 St. Vitus Cathedral
- 1.4 Great South Tower of the Cathedral of Sts. Vita
- 1.5 Basilica of St. George
- 1.6 Zlata Lane
- 1.7 Lookout at the Black Tower
- 2 Historical background
- 3 Information to visit
- 4 On the map
Over the years of its existence, Prague Castle has acquired a complex buildings and squares, temples and fortifications, a huge park and stairs. Despite more than a thousand-year history, the whole fortress, all the buildings on its territory look like a single whole. As an architectural ensemble. At the same time organically combining imagine styles from different eras.
Because of the size of Prague Castle, it’s hard to describe all of it. sights in two paragraphs. He is huge and on his The territory contains dozens of cultural objects. Which by themselves are separate landmarks and require detailed inspection and volumetric description. For now, I will confine basic information on the main sites of Prague Castle, which enough for the first acquaintance.
New castle staircase
An interesting (but a bit physically heavy) option to get into Prague Castle. However, he more than covers his shortcomings (two over hundreds of steps) great views of Prague and the characteristic for an old European city tiled roofs. “New” her called in shaggy 1829. Although the logic of things – this ladder older than the “Old Ladder” – and there is one too.
I do not envy the horses that in the old days rolled here carts with cargo – Steep Road was really cool. Climb up I would recommend her only to people with physical training not lower average. And it’s better to go down the Old Castle Staircase. Here beauty and beauty, especially on clear days or in the evening time.
I suggest a route as described in my post here.
- Climbing the New Castle Staircase
- Further through Gradchanskaya square inside Prague Castle
- Visit to St. Vitus Cathedral, a lookout in the South Tower and others of objects
- View the Golden Streets
- Exit to the lookout at the Black Tower and down the Old Castle the stairs
New castle staircase in Prague
- Lookout at the Black Tower
- View from the lookout
The history of Prague Castle is so voluminous that I don’t take it work to paint it in detail. It turns out pretty boring footcloth with dates and celebrities of past centuries. therefore I will only get along with the information I have had enough, so that with enthusiasm and interest to walk on its squares and the streets.
Prague Castle was founded as a city on a hill that towered over Vltava in a strategically important place. Rather, as a mound: it there were wooden houses surrounded by earthen wall and palisade, everything as in historical films.
The first approximate dates that historians have regarding Prague Castle is the middle of the 9th century. First stone the buildings date back to 920-973 years: the Basilica of St. George, the church Virgin Mary and the dwelling house in which the bishop settled. Besides, here appeared the first monastery in the Czech Republic, and the rotunda of St. Vitus – small building with cylindrical walls.
By the X-XI centuries, the walls became stone, and the rotunda was rebuilt on A three-nave basilica of saints Vitus, Wenceslas and Wojciech By the end of the twelfth century, the Prague Castle becomes fully functional. fortress, with stone towers and princely palace.
In the XIII century, the Czechs were mainly engaged in landscaping. fortress. Interior renewal, building facade decoration, additional buildings. It is believed that it was then that the former princely palace gradually became royal.
The 14th century began for the Prague Castle in an unfortunate manner. The fire of 1303 and the reign of John of Luxembourg, which preferred royal residence military campaigns. For almost forty years of his reign, he lived in Prague Castle about one of the year.
But in the second half of the XIV century it began. Instead of basilica laid the Cathedral of Saints Vitus, Wenceslaus and Vojtech (this and To this day, its official name), reanimated burnt the ruins of the royal palace, and added a number of buildings.
In the 15th century, the Hussite Wars and the Game of Thrones for the Czech throne. Beginning in 1471, restructuring began in Prague Castle. With the passage of which he increasingly takes on the form of gothic fortress. More towers, thicker walls, new buildings and wings the palace.
XVI century. The empire of the Austrian Habsburgs swallowed the Czech Republic. A country since 1526 ceased to exist as an independent state. Prague Castle for some time continued to have royal weight residences. But over time, lost its importance, although was not forgotten.
In the same century, a renaissance came here. And with him – the Royal Garden, who created about 20 years and threatened him incredible amount of money. The first privately built buildings appeared. rich and powerful people.
Century XVII. The Thirty Years War began, during which Prague Castle was thoroughly plundered. Besides he finally lost the status of the royal residence. And in connection with the development of such troops as artillery, the Prague Castle fortress has become a useless reinforcement.
Despite this decline in status, in the 18th century there were produced large-scale work. Variable buildings of Prague Grad were brought to a single style of classicism and got a roof single sample. Since then, it all began to look like a single architectural ensemble, called the New Royal Palace.
By the middle of the XIX century, in the wake of the heyday of the national self-awareness, in the Czech Republic remember about the 500-year-old long-term construction – the cathedral St. Vitus. Raise the drawings of the XIV century. Lead them to compliance with the requirements of modern construction standards and begin the final stage of construction of the cathedral.
The twentieth century was marked for the Czech Republic by the First World War, the collapse Austria-Hungary and regained independence. New Royal Palace appointed presidential residence. From 1919 to 1934 there is a grand restoration. Cathedral of Saints Vita, Vatslava and Vojtekha finish in 1929.
Only by the end of the 20th century, in the 89th year, the Prague Castle was opened for free visiting by tourists. Well, except for the New the royal palace where the czech still meets government.
Information to visit
A minimum of a cursory inspection is worth laying 3 hours. If to fully see all the objects, you need a whole day.
Opening hours: from April to October – every day from 9 am to 5 pm hours From November to March – from 9 am to 4 pm Opening hours lookout on the South tower: daily from 10 to 18 hours (the last entrance at 17:30).
You can just walk through the territory of Prague Castle from 6 am to 22 hours
A walk around the grounds is free. As soon as ends opening hours of all attractions, Zlata Lane becomes also free to visit (from 16-17 hours), but some houses are closing.
Price for entry to individual attractions and for tourist routes:
- The south tower of the cathedral (it is an observation deck) – 150 CZK
- Exposition “Treasures of St. Vitus Cathedral” – 250 CZK
- Circle A – 350 CZK. The route includes: the exposition “History Fortress Prague Castle “, the Old Royal Palace, the Cathedral of the Holy Vita, St. George’s Basilica, Zlata Lane, Rozhmberg palace.
- “Circle B” – 250 CZK. The route includes: Old Royal Palace, St. Vitus Cathedral, St. George’s Basilica, Zlata Little street
- Children under 6 years free. And there are family tickets.
In the days of free entry is better not to come – will trample. The number of tourists and the length of the queues increases significantly, so that if time is dear to you, not money, come on ordinary days.
Tickets to Prague Castle
On the map
How to get there
To Prague Castle can be reached by tram number 22, stop – Pražský hrad. It is located higher up the hill, therefore 200-300 meters. down to the entrance you will pass effortlessly. Another option, but for people with good physical preparation – by metro to the station Malostranská and climb the old castle stairs.
Marked on the map the main objects of Prague Castle, so that you it was easier to navigate.
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