Warsaw’s Old Town definitely evokes pleasant impressions. Yes, it’s pretty “simple”, so to speak, but all attributes present: cobbled streets, square, old buildings. I will not go into the details now that all this was restored almost from scratch, more on that below.
I lived in Poland for 2 months and during this time I managed to do it several times. visit the old city, day and night, and during Christmas. Repeatedly caught myself thinking that I like to walk here, Considering that we only needed to travel by direct bus 15-20 minutes. Still, I feel nicer than a smaller city, because in Moscow with its huge area is not easy to live on the outskirts – quickly You will not get anywhere.
The content of the article
- 1 Photo of the Old Town of Warsaw
- 2 Historical background
- 3 On the map
Photo of Warsaw Old Town
I walked, and in the Old Town, and in the New Town, and reached from there walking almost to Лазazienki park. Therefore, the photos will be in discord and from different walks. The most beautiful, of course, was in the Christmas period, when the whole center was buried in lights and garlands, everywhere were luminous installations of various objects (steam locomotive, big chair, all kinds of animals, balls, etc.). Well, this is besides the Christmas tree on central square. And I really liked the palace with projected onto it by a picture, it looks very nice and original I also separately laid out my impressions and Photos of ordinary Warsaw.
The Old Center (Stare Miasto) is a symbolic place for Poles and kinda for tourists. With him in the XIII century began Warsaw. how every city-fortress, was surrounded by an earthen rampart, then blank brick wall. What did this wall look like in the 16th century? can understand by visiting the Barbican – a semicircular fortified outpost on border of old and new cities. This is a gothic structure with The Renaissance style roof dates back to 1548. True, Now it is more a historical scenery than a rarity. The Barbican, like the Royal Palace, as well as more than 60% of other objects Old Warsaw, reconstructed in the XX century.
Any of the capitals of Eastern Europe has suffered in different ways. World War II – was partially destroyed and later restored. But only Warsaw was erased almost to dust. Part of antiquity suffered in 1939 under a hail of airstrikes coming German troops. Every fourth house was defeated in the fall of 1944, when the poles dared to raise a rebellion against the invaders and lost The surviving buildings of the barbarians purposefully, quarter after Quarter leveled to the ground. When our troops occupied Warsaw, they found there “only ashes and ruins covered with snow.”
The Poles did not throw historical stones, as the Thais – Ancient Ayutthaya (if the comparison is appropriate). Not moved the capital to Krakow, who miraculously survived and which served as the center of Poland five centuries. They rebuilt Warsaw anew – by Italian paintings Bellotto masters and pre-war drawings.
Business card of the old city – Palace Square (Zamkovy dance); spacious, pleasant place for walking. Recreated in the center The monument of the 17th century is the column of Sigismund. This is a 30-meter column with bronze figure of the glorious king of poland. In Christmas, a monument and city tree compete, which of them is higher.
The eastern part of the square is occupied by the Royal Palace (castle Princes of Mazovia). Around him in the Middle Ages and the city was formed. AT XVI century there was a royal residence, and from 1918 – presidential. The castle, according to chroniclers, was filled with ghosts. All the crowned heads must have been ghosts to say something nasty. Ironically bad news came true … In 1944, the palace of the invaders burned, previously clearing Part of the loot paintings and sculptures returned to him after restoration in the 70s.
Deep into the old city – the Cathedral of St.. John the Baptist, Chief Warsaw Catholic Church and the National Pantheon. Once it was The oldest Warsaw church (XIII – XIV centuries), in which cool historical issues of Poland. It was made in style brick gothic; the altar was decorated with a picture of the famous Italian masters of the Renaissance. The fire did not devour only what was reliably hidden under the ground – the graves of princes and noble citizens. AT Our time here are buried Nobel laureate writer Senkevich and the first president of independent Poland Narutowicz.
Behind the cathedral is the cozy Kanonia Square (named canonical priests who lived here in the seventeenth century.) It rests on bones: before the canons there was a parish cemetery.
The Market Square (Stare Mesto Market) is a nice place surrounded by beautiful buildings-decorations. Square full of good restaurants and shops; street musicians and beggars pros.
In 1980, the historic center of Warsaw was included in the list of the World UNESCO heritage as an “exceptional example of the almost complete restoration of the historical period between the XIII-XX centuries. ”
On the map
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